The Ahmet Ill Fountain, built in 1729, stands at the entrance to
Palace. Deep overhanging eaves shade the water spouts where the parched
could stop for a cup of refresning water. This highly ornate, free-standing
fountain is a superb example of the late
Mahmut II built the Beyazit Tower (85 meters high) in 1828 as a fire tower.
Today it stands within the grounds of Istanbul University.
Bozdogan-Valens Aqueduct, built in 368 A.D., supplied the
later the Ottoman palaces with water. Today part of the remaining 900
meters of double-tiered arches straddle the major highway that runs
through the old part of town.
The Istanbul land walls, once an
impenetrable fortification, stretch seven kilometers from the Sea of
Marmara to the Golden Horn Restored recently, and many times
previously, these walls date from the fifth century and the reign of
Emperor Theodosius II. UNESCO has declared the land walls, and the
area which they enclose, one of the cultural heritages of the world.
Galata Tower, a Genoese construction of 1348, rises 62 meters high
over the Golden Horn. From the top you see a marvelous panorama of the
Golden Horn and the Bosphorus. In the evening tourists enjoy its
popular restaurant, night club and bar.
or the European Fortress, was built by Mehmet the Conqueror in 1452
prior to his capture of Istanbul. Completed in only four months, it is
one of the most beautiful works of military architecture in the world.
(Open every day except Mondays.)
Known as Leander's Tower, Kiz Kulesi is one of the romantic symbols of
Istanbul. First constructed in the 12th century on a tiny island at
the entrance to Istanbul's harbor, the present building dates from the